Izmir Metro

Izmir metro is a light rail system that serves the Izmir metropolitan area and runs northwest to Bornova. The system operates just 1 line with a track length 20.1 km, and serves 17 stations.

Izmir experienced a population boom in the 90’s. By that point the city had to restructure its public transit system. Construction broke ground in 1995 and this led to Izmir Metrosu A.S. system which came in to operation in May of 2000. The project cost a grand total of $600 million, and the contract was awarded to Yapi Merkezi.

The metro currently averages 30 million passengers a year. As of now, the daily ridership is at 173,000, and once planned expansions are undertaken the number of passengers will increase. The LRV light rail trains are custom made for the Izmir metro.

Izmir Metro Lines and Stations

The 17 stations served by the Izmir metro are

  • Evka 3 – This station opened in March, 30 2012 and has a 2 sided platform that’s cover and uncovered.
  • Ege Üniversitesi – The station opened on March, 30 2012 and with a cut cover structure design for the 2 sided platform station.
  • Bornova – Operating since May, 22 2000 the structure, a splitting tunnel design 1 island platform.
  • Bölge – Running since May, 22 2000 the structure is of a grade design and with a 1 island platform station.
  • Sanayi – Operating since May, 22 2000, the graded structure provides a station with a 1 island platform.
  • Stadyum – The structure has viaduct design and the line began running in 2000, the station offers a 2 sided platform.
  • Halkapınar – A grade design stricter with a 2 island platform. The station was part of the original line that began services in May, 22 2000.
  • Hilal – The station began operating on May, 22 2000 and with a viaduct design for a 2 sided platform.
  • Basmane – The station is running since May, 22 2000 and has a cut and cover construction design with a 1 island platform.
  • Çankaya – Cankaya station operating since May, 22 2000 has a cut and cover design and 1 island platform.
  • Konak – The station is in service since May, 22 2000 and has cut cover design structure with 1 island platform.
  • Üçyol – The station operating since May, 22 2000, different than other stations in its deep tunnel design structure with a 2 sided platform.
  • İzmirspor – It’s station that came in to service in December, 29 2012 and has cut and cover design structure with a 2 sided platform.
  • Hatay – Operating since December, 29 2012 the design structure is cut and cover with a 2 sided platform.
  • Göztepe – It’s a station with a deep tunnel design that came in to operation on March, 25 2014 and has a 2 sided platform.
  • Poligon – The station operating since July 27 2014 has cut and cover tunnel structure with a 2 sided platform.
  • Güzelyalı – This station had a cut and cover structure with a 2 sided platform but was cancelled for reasons unknown.
  • Fahrettin Altay – Running since July, 27 2014 the station has a cut and cover structure with a 2 sided platform.

Metro Izmir map (2000)

Izmir Metro Hours and frequency

The hours of operation are from 6:00am to 12:20am.

In the Weekdays, the frequency of service is from 06:00 to 6:30: 10 min. From 06:30 to 20:30: 4.5 min. From 20:30 to 00:20 10 min.

Saturdays, the frequency of service is from 6:00 to 7:00 a.m.: 10 mins.. From 7:00 a.m. to 09:00: 5 mins. From 9:00 to 12:00: 6 mins. From 12:00 to 20:00: 4.5 mins. From 20:00 to 00:20: 10 min.

Sundays, from 06:00 to 12:00: 10 mins. From 12:00 to 20:00: 6 mins. From 20:00 to 00:20: 10 mins.

Fares, Tickets and Cards

The fees vary depending on age and discounted groups. In the city center, no matter if you use bus, subway, ferry or suburban, the fare for an adult is 2,40 TL, for a student is 1,35TL and for a teacher is 1,75TL. If youse use Billet 32 is 1 credit. If you use any transportation within the next 90 minutes the ride is free in the urban centre. Maximum fare you could possibily pay if you ride the subway in other zones is 4,80 for an adult, 2,70 for a student and 3,50 for a teacher. If you use Billet 32, would be 2 credits. Also, there are packs of 3 of 5 tickets that riders can buy. The 3 ride electronic ticket cost 8.5TL, and the 5 pack ticket cost 13TL. Last but not least a 10 ride electronic ticket cost 25TL.

Price of Billet 32 tickets is 2 credits 6,00 TL, 3 credits 8,50TL, 5 credits 13,00 TL and 10 credits 25,00 TL. The ticket is valid for 35 days after it’s first used.

The metro applies a card based system by which the rider uses a disposable RFID Chip card, or a loadable a RFID chip Kent card. The disposable card lasts up to three rides, while the loadable card can be used multiple times depending on the credit balance of the card. The metro system once had a cash and token system. It was used to pass ticket barriers, but eventually was replaced with current card structure.  

One of the most interesting features of the Izmir Metro is card customization. The cards come in different variety from students, teachers, and seniors over 60 years. Also there’s free cards which are available as Police Cards, Postmen Cards, TCI Cards, and cards for seniors 65 and over. All the information about cards can be found here

Student, teacher and seniors card fee is TR 10. TRY 20 fee if you need to have it replaced.

Park’n Ride

The metro offers parking at most stations.

Rules and Tips

Passengers must take note of the following rules set by the metro authority:

  • Begging in station and trains is prohibited
  • The metro doesn’t allow food or drinks but water.
  • Distributing flyers and other propaganda or hanging posters on the wall is not permitted in the stations
  • People under the effect of alcohol can not ride the metro
  • Smaller pets are allowed only if there in cages.
  • Making excessive noise is prohibited while riding the metro.
  • Taking video and photos without permission is also prohibited.
  • Bikes are permitted under certain circumstances

Ankara Metro

Ankara, the capital of Turkey, has its own underground rapid transist system, the Ankara Metro (Ankara Metrosu in turkish).
The system has two metro lines: the Ankara Metro and Ankaray with a total length of 23,4 kms.
Ankara Metro is the north-south heavy rail while Ankaray is the west east light rail.
Both lines are owned and operated by the Ankara Municipality

This system is also complemented by a suburban rail system called Ankara Banliyö Treni.

  • Known as: Metrosu
  • Lines: 2 constructed, 3 under construction
  • Stations: 23 in service, 32 under construction
  • Passengers/day: 175000(Ankaray) and 135000(Ankara Metro)
  • Opening: 1996
  • Web: www.ankarametrosu.com.tr

Lines and stations

Ankara Metro and Ankaray are underground lines most parts of the system. They intersect at the Kizilay Station.

The Ankaray line runs between the Intercity Bus Terminal and Dikimevi. It is 8.7 kilometers long and has 11 stations: Dikimevi, Kurtuluş, Kolej, Kızılay, Demirtepe, Maltepe, Tandoğan, Beşevler, Bahçelievler, Emek, AŞTİ

The Ankara Metro line runs between the city center to Batikent which is located in the northwest. It is 14.7 kilometers long and has 12 stations: Kızılay, Sıhhiye, Ulus, Kültür Merkezi, Akköprü, İvedik, Yenimahalle, Demetevler, Hastane, Macunköy, Ostim, Batıkent

Ankara metro

Three more metro lines are currently under construction. This lines are proposed to open in June of 2014.

Ulus-Kecioren line which will be 7.9 kilometers and have six stations

Batikent-Sincan line that is 18 kilometers in length and has 11 stations

Kizilay to Cayyolu line which is 18 kilometers long and consists of 16 new stations.

The TBMM-Dikmen line is also planned to serve south side of the city and will be 4.8 kilometers and consist of 5 stations.

When Ankara Metro is finnished will have a capacity of aprox. 60,000 passengers per hour per direction.

Schedule and frequency

The working hours are from 6am to 12am.
Timetables sometimes have to be updated by the Ankara metro because of delays.
Sometimes trains have to wait at stations to return to schedule.

To the airport

To get to the airport you can use two lines from the city center: Ulus and ASTI.
However due to the subway construction on ASTI the Ulus line is preferable. A taxi costs about 15-20 Liras from there.

Fares and tickets

Electronic bus tickets are valid as well for Ankara Metro. Electronic cards (multi-use magnetic cards) and the route map can be obtained from any underground station.
The price of basic travel ticket is 2 dollars. 50 cents for seniors and people with disabilities.

  • 2-unit cards which cost 3.50 TL
  • 3-unit cards which cost 5.25 TL
  • 5-unit cards which cost 8.75 TL
  • 10-unit cards which cost 17.50TL
  • 20-unit cards which cost 35.00 TL
  • .

You can transfer within 45 minutes between the bus lines and metro paying 0.59 TL.
Ankara Metro has train inspectors so you better buy your ticket before you step in if you dont want to be fined.

Train tickets can be purchased with credit/debit card or currency at any Metro ticket vending machines (TVM).

Curious facts

Kissing is not allowed in Ankara Metro.

Istanbul Metro

The Istanbul Metro is a railway network which has served the city since 1989. It consists of 73 stations situated on five different lines. Four more lines are planned in the future and construction is underway which will almost double the number of stations on the network and increase the coverage for the 12 million people of Turkey’s most populous city. All lines on the metro system are operated by Metro Istanbul.

Four of the existing lines (M1, M2, M3 & M6) run on the European side of Istanbul whilst the M4 line runs on the Asian side. This equates to 54 stations on the European side. The metro system in Istanbul is also complemented by a line of Premetro (Hafif Metro), a suburban train,
a tram system, an urban network of buses and a funicular

Historical Background

Plans for a fully linked transport network in Istanbul were first conceived in 1912. The city already had an underground line which was second only to the London Underground in terms of the world’s oldest, the funicular subway, the Tünel, opened in 1875 and is still in use today. The original plans for the metro system however, were never put into practice and it was 24 years later, in 1936, that the idea was further discussed. Yet further proposals were put forward in 1951 but construction for the project didn’t commence until 1987 after a series of delays and postponements.

Construction was slow due to the continual discovery of historical sites but the first line opened in 1989, the M1 The first stations to open were Aksaray, Emniyet to Fatih, Topkapı to Ulubatlı, Bayrampaşa to Maltepe, Sağmalcılar and Kocatepe. This line was followed by the completion of the M2 line in 1992.

Istanbul Rapid Transit Map (schematic)

Hours of Operation and Timetables

The Istanbul Metro commences from around 06:00 and runs until just past midnight in most cases. Some trains run until 01:00 but it depends on which line you are on and which direction you are travelling.

If you require specific train times by station or by line visit Metro Istanbul. This is an English version of the site and as well as timetables there is also a route planner and maps of the network.

Lines and Stations

There are four lines which currently run on the European side of Istanbul.

The red coloured M1 is the oldest line and is split into two separate sections. The M1 line runs from Yenikapı to the coach station at Otogar; then the M1A branch line runs from Terazidere to the Atatürk Airport and the M1B branch line runs from Esenler to Kirazlı. During peak hours trains run along the line a maximum of three minutes apart. This line is completely segregated from other transport systems and has no level crossings to delay it. A large proportion of this line runs underground. Average speed is 36,7Km/h. Trip time is 32 minutes. M1 makes about 416 trips daily.

The M2 line runs from Hacıosman to Yenikapı. It is the busiest of all the metro lines taking an average of 320,000 per day and is coloured green on the map. This line is fully accessible for disabled people with all stations providing both lifts and escalators. This line was constructed to withstand earthquakes with a magnitude up to 9.0. Trip time is 27 minutes and average speed is 36,7Km/h. Frequency at rush hours is 4 minutes. It makes 394 trips daily.
Stations: Hacıosman, Darüşşafaka, Atatürk Oto Sanayi, İTÜ – Ayazağa, Seyrantepe – Stadyum, Sanayi Mahallesi, 4. Levent, Levent,
Gayrettepe, Şişli – Mecidiyeköy, Osmanbey,Taksim, Şişhane.

Golden Horn metro bridge, Unkapanı, Şehzadebaşı, Yenikapı

The M3 runs from MetroKent to Kirazlı. However at İkitelli Sanayi, the fourth station on the line, the line splits into two branches with one branch heading on to Kirazlı and the other calling at two alternative stations, Ziya Gökalp Mahallesi and Olimpiyat. This line is coloured light blue on the network map.

The last existing line on the European side of the metro, the brown coloured M6, calls at just four stations from Levent to Boğaziçi Üniversitesi. This line is served by just two trains and is mostly single track with passing points at stations.

On the Asian side there is just one line serving nineteen stations. The M4 line runs from Kadıköy to Tavşantepe and is the pink line on the network map. This line is entirely underground with some stations located below sea level.

Airport Connections

Atatürk International Airport can be reached on the metro line M1A. This section of the line was first opened in 2002. For passengers arriving at Atatürk this line will also take you to the city bus terminal whilst passing some of the most famous sights in the European part of the city.

There is currently no connection from the metro to Sabiha Gökçen International Airport but the M4 line is currently being extended to reach it and is due to open in 2018. The delayed M5 line also has plans to expand to the airport in the future.

Fares and Tickets

The most convenient and the cheapest way to travel upon any public transport system in Istanbul is by using a İstanbulkart. These cards can be purchased from İstanbulkart vending machines, newspaper kiosks or at the ticket offices of major stations. They initially cost TL10 which breaks down as TL6 for the card and fare credit worth TL4. When you are entering a station to ride on the metro you simply place the card on the sensor on the way in and on the way out and it will deduct the correct fare accordingly. You keep the card and when you want to top it up you simply do so by revisiting a İstanbulkart vending machine.

Disposable tickets are also available. Biletmatik Fare Cards can be purchased for between TL4 and TL30. The more you pay the cheaper it is per ride. For example the TL4 card is good for one fare and the TL30 card is good for ten fares, meaning the cost per fare is TL1 cheaper if you buy the more expensive card.

Single fare tokens, jetons, separate from the Biletmatik Fare Cards are also available from Jetonmatik machines. 1 Jeton costs 2,35TL. A jeton is a plastic tab valid for a single ride.

Parking

There are park & ride facilities available at metro stations for passengers. At some stations you will find that the parking gates are closed during the working day between 09:00 and 16:00. If you need to retrieve your car before this time there will be a free call telephone available which will allow you to speak to someone who can lift the gate.

Rules

As with the transport operations in most major cities, the Istanbul Metro has some rules and regulations to follow for the reasons of comfort and safety.

  • Bicycles are allowed on to trains but only during off peak hours. During on peak hours only folding bicycles are allowed on board.
  • Small pets can be taken onto the trains as long as they are not poisonous. Exceptions are made for larger dogs if they are guides for the physically impaired.
  • All those aged six and above are expected to pay for travel. Children aged under six are not expected to take up a seat if it is required by a fare paying passenger.
  • Photographs are prohibited at all times as is the recording of video.
  • Security operations are carried out remotely and in person, all persons must submit to these checks.

Future Expansion

As already mentioned the Istanbul Metro is currently undergoing a massive expansion with 71 stations under construction. Most of these stations will be on completely new lines but some will be additional to the existing routes. The M3 has seven stations being built and will see an extended route from Bakırköy-İDO to Kirazlı which will open in 2019. In 2018 the M4 will extend from Sabiha Gökçen Airport to Kaynarca, incorporating four new stations.

There are also four new lines under construction which will provide the network with nearly 72km of additional routes. These new lines will be situated both on the European side of Istanbul, the M7 and the M9, and the Asian side with the M5 and the M8.

The M7 is the largest project, started in 2014 and due to open in 2018 this new route will incorporate 19 stations and run from Kabataş to Mahmutbey.

Expected to go into service in 2019, the M9 Ataköy to İkitelli metro line will be a rapid transit line which will run for 13km.

The M5 is a 16 station project running from Üsküdar in the west to Çekmeköy in the east. It will be the first expansion on the Asian side of the metro network since the M4 opened in 2012. It was due to be running by May 2015, this date was then extended to September 2016. The line is now expected to be open before the end of 2016. It also has plans to extend to Sabiha Gökçen International Airport in the future.

The other line on the Asian side which is currently being constructed is the M8. Thirteen stations are currently under construction and all are expected to be open in 2019. This line will run from Bostancı-İDO to Dudullu.

Even further expansion of the network is planned with 17 other stations pencilled in for a 25km line running from Bakırköy to Beylikdüzu. Construction companies are currently bidding for the contracts to build these new stations and routes.

Adana Metro

Adana is one of the largest and most populated cities in Turkey (population about 1,5M).
Adana Metro is a light metro line, known in the local language as Adana Metrosu.
It’s been under construction for about 20 years. Beginning of construction was in 1988. In March 2009 some
services were opened for what we understand it was a test of the system and after a little period Metrosu
was closed to be opened definitely in May 2010 with all metro sections fully operative.

Adana metro is a rapid transist with only one line and 13 stations that crosses Adana from North
to South along 13,9 kms. In some sections of the way, metrosu circulates underground, some others elevated and some others at ground level.

There is planned another line extension in the North East that will add 9,3 more kilometers to the system and 7 new stations.
They are also planning to reuse some old railway to expand the system with connections to a suburban rail.

  • Known as: Metrosu
  • Numbers of lines: 1
  • Number of stations: 13 (20 after the extension)
  • Length: 13,9 kms (23,2 after the extension)
  • Passengers/day: 21600 (per hour/per direction)
  • Operator: Adana Metropolitan Municipality
  • http://www.adana.bel.tr/metro.html
  • Max Speed: 80kms/hour

Adana Metro Lines and Stations

Journey Time is around 15-21 minutes.
Stations: Hastane, Anadolu Lisesi, Huzurevi, Mavi Bulvar, Yurt, Yeşilyurt, Fatih, Vilayet, İstiklal, Kocavezir, Hürriyet, Cumhuriyet, Akıncılar

Adana Metro: Hours of operation

6:00 to 21:00 from monday to saturday.

Frecuency:

10 minutes in peak hours and 15 minutes rest of the time.

Another Adana Metro Map

Adana Metro Map
Source Wikipedia CC Share Alike

Fares and tickets

  • Single ticket: 2TL
  • 2 Single tickets: 3.30TL
  • 4 Single tickets: 6.10TL

The also exists a smart card for 5TL, Kentkart, that reduce the price of the trips.
Children until the age of 6 years can use the system for free.