Dnipropetrovsk Metro

The Dnipropetrovsk Metro system is located in the city of Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine. It has been in operation for over two decades and is comprised of six stations: Pokrovska (formerly known as Komunarivska), Prospekt Svobody (also known as the “Liberty Avenue” station), Zavodska, Metalurhiv, Metrobudivnykiv, and Vokzalna. The metro was opened on December 29th, 1995 and spans a distance of 7.8 kilometers.
There are currently a total of 45 passenger cars running on the Dnipropetrovsk Metro. Each train carries 3 cars at once. At the height of the metro’s popularity, each train car generally carried five cars. The number has decreased with the flow of traffic over the years.
The average trip time is about 14 minutes.

The idea for the metro was conceived in 1979, as a response to the city’s population boom and its need to reduce traffic problems in Dnipropetrovsk. In 1981, the Russian government designated the Dnipropetrovsk Metro system as one of the city’s most important building projects. Construction began in March of 1982 and took 13 years to complete. The process was delayed for two reasons: building complications and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Dnipropetrovsk Metro Lines and Stations

Dnipropetrovsk Metro runs from east to west, starting with Vokzalna station and ending with Pokrovska station. The line currently only has stations located in the industrial part of the city.

    The locations of the six active stations in the system are as follows:

  • Pokrovska Station – Yuria Kondratuka/Velyka Diivska Street intersection
  • Prospekt Svobody “Liberty Avenue” Station – Dzerzhynskoho Square
  • Zavodska Station – Mayakovskoho Street
  • Metalurhiv Station – Kalinin Avenue
  • Metrobudivnykiv Station – Kalinin/Petrovsky Avenue intersection
  • Vokzalna Station – Petrovsky Square

Метробудівників

Future Expansions

Today, the city of Dnipropetrovsk is the third most populous city in the Ukraine. Over 6 million passengers rode the Dnipropetrovsk Metro in 2015, and plans are in place to expand the system by three stations no later than 2017. The new stations Teatralna, Tsentralna, and Muzeina will extend the line by 3 kilometers, and bring part of the metro into the center of the city. Upon completion of the expansion, the metro will cover a total distance of 11.8 kilometers.
There are talks of a future expansion that could extend the system to span a much greater distance of 80 kilometers, but as of this writing no plans have been funded or confirmed.

Fares and tickets

The cost of a single transport on the Dnipropetrovsk Metro is 2 hryvnia (UAH).

Tokens are required for entrance. These tokens can be purchased in the lobby of each station and redeemed in the station turnstiles. Commuters will also be given a badge for travel in the metro.

As of May 2015, commuters can now purchase monthly passes for the Dnipropetrovsk Metro system. The price of a civilian ticket is 235 UAH, while students can purchase a ticket for only 118 UAH. Unlike single travel tokens, monthly passes cannot be purchased at every station. They are currently only available for purchase at the Prospekt Svobody station, the Vokzalna station, and the Pokrovska station.

Additionally, passes can be purchased at 125 Karl Marx Boulevard and at 1 Petrovsky Square.

Hours of Operation

Dnipropetrovsk Metro opens its doors at 5:30am and runs until 11:00pm.
A train schedule can be found hanging in each of the six Dnipropetrovsk stations. Schedules are also posted online and updated daily.

Curious facts

The Dnipropetrovsk Metro system has its own museum, dedicated to its history and construction. The museum is located at 8 Kurchatov Street and hosts numerous photographs, films, and artifacts collected from the original construction.

Though Dnipropetrovsk itself is a largely industrial city, it is home to many untouched historical buildings. There are also a number of art and history museums, the breathtaking Transfiguration Cathedral, and a number of popular shopping destinations along the Karl Marx Prospekt at the heart of the city.

Construction of the Dnipropetrovsk Metro took place during the height of Cold War tensions, resulting in five of the six Dnipropetrovsk stations being built more than 70 meters underground. Having a deep, subterranean system of transport doubled as a civil defense in the event of a nuclear missile strike. Even today, these five stations are only accessible by escalator. Pokrovska is the only station that is accessible by stairs.

Chongqing Metro

The Chongqing Rail Transit is the metro system that operates in the chinese city with the very same name. The system is commonly known as CRT. As funds for its construction came from Japanese Banks some of the technology used is also imported.

Rails are built along a very irregular surface, crossing hills and rivers. The depth of the stations made the construction of an all heavy rail tunnel system impractical. So some rails had to be heavy regular rails and others heavy capacity monorails. The monorail technology provides efficient climbing capabilities and can carry more weight than conventional rails.

Total track length of the metro is 168 kilometers (2015). The system connects 92 stations en route. The average daily ridership of this metro system was 1.1 million passengers in 2014. A monorail can transport 32,000 passengers per hour per direction

Lines and stations

The metro system currently has four lines. The Chongqing Rail Transit (Group) Limited Co is planning to expand the total coverage. Individual lines of Chongqing metro can be identified by its color.

  • Line 1. Began operation in 2011. Connects Chaotianmen and Daxuecheng. Length of the line is 36.6 km. Connecting 23 stations. The line transports 36,000 passengers per hour
  • Line 2. Began operation in 2005. Connects Jiaochangkou and Xinshancun. The length of the line is 19.2km. Connecting 18 stations. An extension of this line is under construction
  • Line 3. This is the world’s largest single monorail line. Began operation in 2011. Connects Yudong and Jiangbei airport. The length of the line is 55.5km. Connecting 39 stations. An extension of this line on the north end is under construction
  • Line 6. Began operation in 2012. Connects Wulidian and Yuelai Beibei. The length of this line is 56.7km. Connecting 18 stations. An extension on both ends of this line is under construction
  • Line 7 to line 18 are currently under planning

CRT operation hours

The metro starts operation at 6:30 am in the morning and close at 11:30 pm, seven days a week.

Fares and tickets

The ticket fare in Chongqing metro system is based on the distance traveled. It usually ranges between 2 to 10 Yuan.

Single ticket

Single tickets can be purchased at any station in Chongqing metro. These tickets are valid only on the day of purchase for a single use. A single journey is within 180 minutes of travel. If a journey using a single ticket exceeds this time limit, the passenger will be charged with the highest one-way ticket fare.

    The fare is calculated as below:

  • 2 Yuan a distance for a distance of 0-6 km
  • 3 Yuan for 6-11 km
  • 4 Yuan for 11-17 km
  • 5 Yuan for 17-24 km
  • 6 Yuan for 24-32 km
  • 7 Yuan for 32-41 km
  • 8 Yuan for 41-51 km
  • 9 Yuan for 51-63 km
  • 10 Yuan for 63 km and above.

Souvenir ticket

Souvenir tickets are specially designed tickets that are made available to the passengers on public holidays and festivals. Depends on different themes, the validity of this ticket changes. And, the fare is decided based on the number of days the activity is put up for.

Fixed journey ticket

Travelers can use this ticket to ride the subway for a pre-determined time. However, these tickets do have a validity period attached to it. The fare depends on the distance traveled.

Chongqing Public Transportation Card

The Chongqing metro provides passengers a facility to make pay fare in advance and use a ticket card to commute without hassle. With a Chongqing Public Transportation Card, daily commuters can avail a discount of 10% on the subway fares. These cards can also be used on the city buses as well.

Group tickets

Passengers using Chongqing metro can purchase group tickets to avail further discounts on the total fare. It is a good option for a group of any number of passengers.

Chongqing Rail Transit Park and Ride

Park and ride facilities are available for passengers in some of the metro stations, not all.

Rules and Tips for passengers

Smoking, drinking and eating are prohibited. Inflammable substances are also not allowed inside the metro. Passengers can get their small pets along provided the pets are inside carriers. The metro also has provision for transporting bicycles.

CRT curious information

Chongqing metro system has a very complex topography running through difficult terrains of the city. One curious fact is that the line 2 monorail at one stage is passing through a building. The rail was constructed in this way in order not to demolish homes. The ingenious planners also made room for a small station inside the building.

Guangzhou Metro

This underground rapid transit system is the brain child of Chen Yu who was the governor of the province during 1957-1967. The system has been in discussion from early 1960 onwards. The plan was brought on the table twice over the years, however, was rejected both the time due to financial and technical constraints. Moreover, authorities who surveyed the geological nature of the land opined that the ground is not suitable for construction of an underground metro system.

Finally, after much discussion and planning, Chen Yu and Tao Zhu, the former governor of the province, pushed forward a plan to build a tunnel as part of war time evacuation strategy. Looking at the prospect of such a tunnel which can later be used for post-war metro development, the central government set the motion to have this plan implemented.

Though the construction of line 1, east-while lane connecting Xichang to Dongshan, started in 1984 and the metro system began operation on 28 June 1997, Guangzhou metro system achieved its current stage only after the rapid expansion plans that were put into place during the 2000s.
As of 2013, the Guangzhou metro system has 9 lines that connect a total of 164 stations. Guangzhou metro is state-owned and operated by the Guangzhou Metro Corporation. As per statistics in 2013, on an average 8.61 million passengers use this metro system for daily commute; annually, the figure comes to 2.054 billion passengers.

Lines and stations

A major part of the metro system connect urban areas of the province. Line 7, line 9 and line 13 are under planning to be added to the existing network. Moreover, extensions to line 6 and line 8 are also under construction. In order to help the passengers distinguish, each lines are color-coded.

  • Line 1: Opened in 1997. Connecting Xilang and Guangzhou east railway station. Length – 18.5km. Number of stations – 16 underground stations.
  • Line 2: Opened in 2002. Connecting Jiahewanggang and Guangzhou south railway station. Length – 31.4km. Number of stations – 24
  • Line 3: Opened in 2005. Connecting Airport South and Tiyu Xilu. Length – 67.3km. Number of stations – 28
  • Line 4: Opened in 2005. Connecting Huangcun and Jinzhou. Length – 43.7km. Number of stations – 16
  • Line 5: Opened in 2009. Connecting Jiaokou and Wenchong. Length – 31.9km. Number of stations – 24
  • Line 6: Opened in 2013. Connecting Xunfenggang and Changban. Length – 24.5km: Number of stations – 22
  • Line 8: Opened in 2003. Connecting Fenghuang Xincun and Wanshengwei. Length – 14.8km. Number of stations – 13
  • Guangfo line: Opened in 2010. Connecting Guangzhou City and Foshan City. Length – 20.4km. Number of stations – 14
  • APM line: Opened in 2010. Connecting Linhexi and Canton Tower. Length – 3.9km. Number of stations – 9

Guangzhou Metro Plan Map en

Hours of operation

Passengers can use the metro during 6 am to 12 pm, seven days a week.

Fares and tickets

The fare depends on distance, ranging on an average from 2 Yuan to 14 Yuan. Guangzhou metro system also provides group discounts, up to 10%, provided the number of travelers is 30 or more. The metro corporation also provides certain contactless smart card Lingnan pass. Passengers with this card can avail huge discounts: 5% for the first 15 journeys, and 40% for all subsequent journeys every month.

Single day journey ticket

Passengers can avail a single day journey ticket which is valid only for the date of purchase. The fare varies depending on the distance travelled; for a distance of 0-4 km, the standard fare of a single journey ticket is 2 Yuan. There will be addition to this fare after every 4 km, 6 km and 12 km.
The rule mandates that the journey should not be more than one day; if not, the passenger will be charged the fare for the longest journey. Vending machines/kiosks are available at all the stations that Guangzhou metro system. The ticket contains radio frequency tokens that the sensors on the ticket barriers detect during entry and exit.

Senior citizen pass

With this pass a senior citizen (60+ years of age) can avail 50% discount on travel.

Student pass

School-going children can avail discount on their daily travel with the student pass. This pass is available for students of primary, secondary and vocational schools. This card entitles them to a discount of 50%.

Day passes

Guangzhou metro system also provides daily passes with unlimited rides on the metro system; however, there is a validity period. A one day pass can be purchased for 20 Yuan, valid for a duration of 24 hours. A pass for 50 Yuan is valid for 72 hours or three consecutive days.

Park and Ride

Guangzhou metro offers park and ride facilities at selected metro stations.

Dos and Don’ts. Tips

Consumption of alcohol and tobacco is prohibited inside the metro system. Eatables are also not allowed inside the metro system. Inflammable substances and any kind of chemical compounds that has the capacity to ignite or explode are strictly banned in all the stations. People who do not comply can expect to be behind bars within no time.

Curious facts

Over the years the Guangzhou metro corporation was subjected to many heated arguments in media and among the public.
When the metro came up with the idea to give out free rides to the family members of its employees in 1997, the policy was subjected to much public scrutiny. The validity of such an option was questioned by people from all walks of life. Newspapers blamed the metro for exploiting public resources for personal benefits. Later, the corporation revealed the beneficiaries of such a policy included only spouses and children under 18.
In 2009, an alleged attempt fraud was reported in connection with two technicians who submitted inspection report on couple of cases.
In 2010, some discrepancies in quality standards of two concrete structures in line 3 was reported. The possible consequences of such low quality construction included blockage of ground water drains, passenger and metro car safety.

Daejeon Metro

Daejeon Metro is the rapid transit subway facility serving the South Korean city Daejeon. Currently, the system includes a single line connecting 22 stations along a 22.6 km long track. Daejeon Metropolitan Express Transit Corporation is in charge of operating the line. Daily, around 79500 passengers commute through this subway system. After Gwangju, Daegu, Busan, Incheon and Seoul, this is the sixth subway transport system in South Korea.

Historical Background

With a population of 1.5 million, Daejeon is South Korea’s fifth-largest metropolitan area. It is one of the administrative, educational and economic centers of the country. The need for a rapid metro system is such a hub city was inevitable.

The city authority had planned a 5-line metro system with the first line to be operational as early as 2002 to cover the traffic pressure during the Soccer World Cup. However, due to the lack of funds, the project got slowed down and was completed in 2006. The first line started operation from 16th March 2006 with a 12.4 km long track from Panam to Government complex. On 17th April 2007, a further section of 10.4 km was added. It connected Government Complex to Banseok.

The construction of Line 2 was supposed to start in 2008 but was postponed.

Hours of Operation

The Subway is open from 5:30 AM in the morning to the midnight. Trains are available every 8 or 10 minutes. In busy hours, trains run at 4 to 5 minutes intervals. On holidays and weekends, you’ll get lesser number of trains.

DJET Daejeon U-Bahn Linie 1 Gapcheon Station

Lines and Stations

Line 1 runs from Panam in the north-western part of the city to Banseok in the eastern corner. It includes the Daejeon Station which is near to the old city center. Here passengers can interchange to KTX and Korail. In addition, it also covers most modern and newly developed parts of the city, the city hall and other important government buildings. A complete travel on this line takes around 40 minutes.

The line is well-connected with bus routes and each station has a nearby bus stop. Main stations on this line are:

  • Panam
  • Daedong
  • Daejeon
  • Jung-gu Office
  • City Hall
  • Government Complex-Daejeon
  • Wolpyeong
  • Yuseong Spa
  • National Cemetery
  • World Cup Stadium
  • Jijok
  • Banseok

Future Expansion

Daejeon city authority plans to begin construction of Line 2 soon. It includes both grounds level and above ground stations. The route plan is expected to come out by 2015 and test operation is planned to start in 2018. If this schedule is actually implemented, we should see Line 2 fully in operation since 2021.

Though the authority hasn’t publicly disclosed the technological specifics of the line and the trains, rumor is that the trains are going to be magnetic levitation type similar to Japanese HSST.

Line 2 is conceived as a 30.5 km long ring-shaped line which intersects Line 1 several times. Line 3 will have a 24 km long track and will connect the north-south part of the city. Line 4 is going to be a relatively shorter track (9.7 km). It will run parallel to Line 3 but further towards the west. Line 5 will be a 15.2 km long line connecting the east-west sides of the city. In total, the whole network is planned to have a 102 km long track.

Fare and Tickets

The metro fare is determined on the basis of sections traveled, the age of the traveler and the type of tickets. Section 1 fare category applies when a rider travels up to 10 km from his departure station. In case he travels more, section 2 price is charged.

There are three types of ticketing options: Traffic card, Token and 3S card. However, traffic card seems to be the cheapest alternative among the three. Section 1 fare for an adult (19-64 years) with traffic card is 1250 won, with a token is 1400 won and with 3S card is 1400 won. The amounts change to 1350 won, 1500 won and 1500 won respectively when a passenger travels beyond 10 km.

Youths (13-18 years) and children (6-12 years) pay a portion of adult fare depending on their ticket type. People aged 65 and above, children under age 6, veterans and disabled persons are allowed free ride. If a group of more than 20 children is traveling with an adult guardian, the traffic card rate applies.

Get the details of fare and discounts from Fare Information page.

Facilities and Services

Daejeon Metro authority is committed to offering every passenger an enjoyable ride and that’s why they make available multiple services on the stations and also on the train.

  • Every station has its name labeled in Korean and English and it is easy even for a foreign traveler to locate his routes.
  • The stations are clean and managed well. They are artistically decorated and host music performances to entertain waiting passengers.
  • Located on the Jijok Station, Daejeon Metro Lost and Found Center helps travelers to search for their lost belongings.

Rules

To ensure smooth running of the metro system, the authority has set the following rules:

  • Pets are not allowed on the train.
  • In the case of a sudden fire break out, passengers shouldn’t try to rupture the doors or get off the train. Rather, they should use the fire extinguishers fitted in the train.
  • If any belonging falls on the track, you shouldn’t try to pick it up on your own, rather should contact the station stuff.

Tips

Keep the following points in mind to make the best use of Daejeon Metro service:

  • Before leaving the subway, never throw away your ticket. You have to punch it at the exit point again.
  • If you don’t understand Korean, follow the English announcements on the station to find your exit.

Map

For details on stations, lines and interchanging possibilities, check out the Daejeon Metro Map. The only operating line is marked with color green.

The Dalian Metro

Dalian is the second largest city pertaining to the province of Liaoning (after its capital, Shenyang) in the People’s Republic of China. Its port is very advanced, and it’s indispensable for international commerce, at the shore of the Bohai sea. It has a population of 6 million inhabitants, approximately. It is also known as “City of Football” or “Fashion City”. In 2007, it was recognized as one of the three best tourist attractions in China. In fact, it’s a very well-known travel destination for many national tourists and foreign as well, mostly of Japanese, Russian, and South Korean origin, thanks to their spectacular beaches and great climate. Besides, it is the financial center of North East China, with the 5 most important chinese banks.

Before the increase in population, beginning in 1950, they tried to better their traffic situation with metros and buses. The results were nothing but unsatisfactory. They found a solution with the Dalian Metro, which was inaugurated May 1st, 2003. «Dalian Public Transportation Group Co. Ltd.» operates in lines R2 and R3, meanwhile «Dalian Metro Co. Ltd.» operates in lines M1 and M2. These trains can reach a maximum speed capacity of 100kms/h. Each train can carry up to 800 passengers. (176 sitting, the rest, standing up)

Currently, they possess 4 lines (2 urban ones 2 suburban). With a total of 57 stations. (31 urban ones, 26 suburban) The whole metro system extends for an area of 141 kilometers. (88 miles) The metro is used daily for by around 284,000 passengers. Facing the future, they wish to expand to 12 lines.

Lines and stations

M1 Line

Line 1 (M1) is a round 16,5km (10,25miles). It has 14 stations, and its final stops are Yaojia and Huizhanzhongxin.

Leaving Yaojia, this is the order of the stops: Yaojia, Dalianbeizhan, Huananbei, Huananguangchang, Qianshanlu, Songjianglu, Dongweilu, Chunliu, Xianggongjie, Zhongchangjie, Xinggonglu, Xi’anlu, Fuguojie, Huizhanzhongxin

Getting off at Dalianbeizhan, you may connect with a high speed railway. «Dalian North Railway». Connects with line 2 (M2) on the Xi’anlu stop.

Dalian Metro Map

M2 Line

Line 2 (M2) is 20,7km long (12,87 miles).
It has 17 stations, and its final stops are Jichang and Huiyizhongxin.

Leaving Jichang, this is the order of the stops: Jichang, Hongganglu, Hongjinlu, Hongqixilu, Wanjia, Malanguangchang, Liaoshi, Jiaotongdaxue, Xi’anlu, Lianhelu, Renminguangchang, Yi’erjiujie, Qingniwaqiao, Youhaoguangchang, Zhongshanguangchang, Gangwanguangchang, Huiyizhongxin

This line starts at the international airport of Dalián.
Connects with line 1 (M1) on the Xi’anlu stop.
On the Zhongshanguangchang stop, we will find the admired plaza of Zhongshan, well known for its classical buildings from the twentieth century made by the Japanese. In the zone of Zhongshan you may also find the« Dalian Laohutan Ocean Park», a park that contains a great representation of typical marine life from the region, an aquarium of coral reefs, a bird exposition, White whale and dolphin attractions, etc.

R2 Line

Line R2, is 40,38 km (25,09 miles).
It has 8 stations, and its final stops are Hekou and Lüshunxingang.

Leaving Hekou, this is the order of the stops: Hekou, Caidaling, Huangnichuan, Longwangtang, Tahewan, Lüshun, Tieshanzhen, Lüshun xingang

R3 Line

Line 3 (R3), also known as Jinzhou, is 63,45 km long (39,43 miles). It starts at the marvelous commercial center of Dalian.
It has 18 stations, and its last stops are Hekou and Lüshunxingang.

Leaving Hekou, this is the order of the stops: Dalian Railway Station, Xianglujiao, Jinjiajie, Quanshui, Houyan, Dalianwan, Jinmalu, Kaifaqu, Baoshuiqu, DD Port, Xiaoyaowan, Jinshitan, Tostem, Phoenix Peak, Dongshanlu, Hepinglu, Shijiuju, Jiuli.

On the Jinshitan stop, you can find the famous «Golden Pebble Beach», a very appreciated national park, that’s around 50 kms long (31 miles) at the center of Dalian.

District of Jinzhou is a very important zone of industrial development, where all the big corporations are, such as Canon, Mitsubishi Electric, Intel, Sanyo Electric, Toshiba, etc.

Schedule

Metro works from 6am-12pm. Trains pass by every 3-4 minutes.

Tickets

The minimum you can purchase a ticket for, corresponds to two stops. It costs 1 Chinese Yuan (0,14 € / 0,15 $). The Price increases, the more stops you add. For example, a more than a two stop trip, would be 2 Yuan (0,28 € / 0,30 $) The trajectory between Dalian and the Golden Pebble Beach is 8 Yuan. (1,12 € / 1,20 $). The trajectory between Dalian and Jiuli is 7 Yuan. (0,98 € / 1,05 $).

Besides regular tickets, you may also purchase a monthly card, provided by the Dalian Metro, which gives you a 20% discount in all trips. «The Pearl Card» is the best solution, if you use this transportation frequently.

Park and ride

Parking spaces will be provided for you as well as Newsstands with news in both English and mandarin.

Tips

The best time of the year to visit is between May and September. It’s popular to visit, Long Wangtang at the end of April, (a 20 minute drive to Dalian) to enjoy the cherry blossoms. Besides its amazing climate, it’s important to point out their healthy environment, and air quality, given to their numerous parks and Green zones.

Even though crime Rate is very low, like in most of China, you must still be careful because of the high percentage of traffic accidents.

As a cool fact, Dalian is a sister city, amongst other cities, with Zaragoza in Spain and Oakland (California) in the United States of America.

Busan Metro

Busan Metro has a total length of 109.5 km, 4 lines and 107 stations.
It’s managed by the Busan Transportation Corporation. In addition there’s a light rail line
connecting Busan with Gimhae, but is managed by a private entity. This fifth line has a length of 23,9kms
and adds 21 stations to the system. The 5 lines together form a network with 133.4 kilometers of routes and 128 stations.

Busan (or Pusan) is the second largest city in South Korea. Its population is approximately 3.6 million inhabitants.
To move this huge number of people every day, Busan has a municipal bus network with 134 routes connecting with
the metro line, a railroad (with high speed lines) connecting to nearby cities (Seoul, Dajeon, …) and
the metro system.

Busan Metro has a total length of 109.5 km, 4 lines and 107 stations.
It’s managed by the Busan Transportation Corporation. In addition there’s a light rail line
connecting Busan with Gimhae, but is managed by a private entity. This fifth line has a length of 23,9kms
and adds 21 stations to the system. The 5 lines together form a network with 133.4 kilometers of routes and 128 stations.

  • Lines 5 ( incl. Gimhae LRT BGL)
  • Stations: 107 + 21 (metro + LRT BGL)
  • Passengers/day: 890K
  • Opening: July 19, 1985
  • Operator: Busan Transportation Corporation B&G Metro
  • Length: 109,5 km + 23,9 ( metro + LRT BGL)

Lines and stations

  • Line 1 ( orange line )
    It has a total length of 32,5kms and 34 stations. It crosses the city from Sinpyeoung in the north to Nopo Dong
    in the south. A full ride from end to end takes about 1 hour. Desing of line 1 began in 79 and it started
    to be operational in 1985 with the corridor Nopo-Dong – Beomnaegol (16.2 kms of route). Then there were 3 more extensions:
    in 1987, 5,4 kms were added along Beomnaegol – Jungang-dong, 4.5 kms in 1990 joining Jungang-dong with
    Seodaesin-dong and finally 6.4 kms in the path of Seodaesin-dong to Sinpyeong.
    Currently there is a new extension being built to connect to the Saha-gu area.
    The 34 stations are: Sinpyeong, Hadan, Dangni, Saha, Goejeong, Daeti, Seodaeshin-dong, Dongdaeshin-dong, Toseong-dong,
    Jagalchi, Nampo-dong, Jungang-dong, Busan Station, Choryang-dong, Busanjin, Jwacheon-dong, Beomil-dong, Beomnaegol,
    Seomyeon, Bujeon-dong, Yangjeong, Municipality, Yeonsan-dong, Busan National University of Education,
    Dongnae, Myeongnyun-dong, Oncheonjang, Pusan National University, Jangjeon-dong, Guseo-dong, Dusil, Namsan-dong,
    Beomeosa and Nopo-dong.
  • Line 2 (green line)
    Line 2 crosses Busan from Hopo in the east to Jangsan in the west.
    Section Hopo – Seomyeon is operational since 1991. It also has had several extensions. Currently Busan Metro Line 2 has
    44.5 kilometers and 39 stations.
    The first extension in 1999 was the section Hopo to Seomyeon which added 21.7 km. In 2001, Seomyeon – Geumnyeonsan added
    another 7.7 kms. In 2002, section Geumnyeonsan – Gwangan added half a mile (1km). In August 2002 this line was expanded 7.7 kms
    with Gwangan to Jangsan section. In 2007 from Hopo to Yangsan other 7,2kms. Finally in 2009 the line reached Busan National University Yangsan.
    Stations: Jangsan, Jung-dong, Haeundae, Dongbaek, Museum of Modern Art in Busan, Centum, Milak, Suyeong, Gwangan,
    Geumnyeonsan, Namcheon, Kyungsung University and Pukyong National University, Daeyeon, Motgol, Jigegol, Munhyeon,
    Munjeon, Jeonpo, Seomyeon, Buam, Gaya, Dongeui University, Gaegeum, Naengjeong, Jurye, Gamjeona, Sasang, Deokpo,
    Modeok, Mora, guṇam, Gumyeong, Deokcheon, Sujeong, Hwamyeong, Yulli, Dongwon, Geumgok, Hopo
  • Line 3 (golden line)
    Line 3 became operational in November 2005. It links Daejeo to Suyeong. 18.1 km and 16 stations.
    Stations: Suyeong, Mangmi, Baesan, Mulmangol, Yeonsan-dong, Geoje, Sports Complex, Sajik, Minam, Mandeok,
    Namsanjeong, Sukdeung, Deokcheon, Gupo, Gangseo-gu Office, Sports Park
  • Line 4 (blue line)
    It’s 12.7 kms length line along 14 stations linking Anpyeong to Minam. It was to be a branch of line 3
    but finally opened in 2011 as a new line.
    Stations: Minam, Dongnae, Suan, Nakmin, Chungnyeolsa, Myeongjang, Seodong, Geumsa, Banyeo Agricultural Market, Seokdae,
    Youngsan University, Dong-Pusan College, Gochon, Anpyeong
  • Line 5 (purple line)
    It is a light rail line linking Busan to Gimhae. It extends the system 24kms and 21 stations.
    Terminal stations are Sasang and Samgye. This line is operated by a private entity.

Schedule

Metro hours are from 05:00 to 00:30, everyday.

Rates and tickets

The system is divided into two tariff areas. Rates are 1,300 won to any destination within a distance of 10kms (first zone) and 1500 won for others (second zone).

There are also metro passes as Hanaro Card with Discounts of 10% for adults and 20% for young people between 13 and 18 years old.
These passes are also valid for the bus.

Another Busan Metro Map

Busan Metro Map
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Interesting facts

Korean, English, Japanese and Mandarin languages are used someway in Busan Metro.

Connection to the airport:

Gimhae International Airport is located west of Busan.
It can be reached via a subway, bus and taxi.

Charleroi Metro

Charleroi is a french-speaking city in Belgium located 70 kilometers south of Brussels. Its population is greater than half a million inhabitants in its metropolitan area. The Charleroi Metro was previously known as Premetro Charleroi. Now is the Charleroi light rail (in French Métro léger de Charleroi). It really is a network of premetro: trams that run underground in the city center and at surface level in dedicated areas where possible and where not, by viaducts. So trains/trams streamline their travel to not get caught in traffic jams or congestions.

As of 2013, the network of Charleroi Metro consists of 48 stations, of which 24 are premetro stations and the other 24 are tram stations. They are also served by the underground. Currently Charleroi Metro is a loop line around the center of the city and two branches to the districts of Gilly and Anderlues. A third branch that goes to Chatelet is partially built but never came into service.

In the 70’s a much more extensive and ambitious network project was planned to be completed by the middle of the 90s.
The original design consisted of a central loop which connected to the 8 branches that would serve the entire city of Charleroi. Due to the high cost of implementation of the project and the estimated low volume of passengers, the construction was suspended leaving the network in a semi completed state. The city center loop was completed in 2013 by adding a section of tram to Gosselies.

The completion and opening in 2013 of the loop led to a restructuring of the system. The 5 premetro/tram lines already in operation (54, 55, 84, 88 and 89) were replaced by 4 metro lines: M1, M2, M3 and later M4. The system extension grew from 25kms to 35kms and a total number of 48 stations of which 10 are underground.

The current system started its works in 1976. The ‘métro léger’ is operated by TEC.
The maximum speed in the system is 65 km/h.

Charleroi metro: lines and stations

Charleroi Loop

The central loop of Charleroi metro is the real “metro” part the system in the sense that circulates at a different level, underground or in a dedicated via and meets the common standards of most subway systems. It has 8 stations that are common to the 4 metro lines: Sud, Villette, Ouest, Beaux-Arts, Waterloo, Janson, Parc and Tirou.

Lines M1 and M2: Andelues Line

It stretches from Anderlues to Charleroi. They’re 6 premetro stations and 6 tram stations circulating at different levels. This line is 14 km long. The difference between these two lines is direction. M1 travels counter clockwise. Stations: Piges, Dampremy, Providence, De Cartier, Moulin, Morgnies, Leernes, Paradis, Fontaine, Pétria, Coron du berger, Surchiste, Route de Thuin, Jonction, Route de la Station and Monument.

Line M3 or Gosselies line

It stretches from Gosselies to Dampremy circulates. It has 18 tram stations plus 1 premetro station, Piges, also served by the line M1 and M2 and not included in the following list. This line became operational in 2013. The route runs clockwise. It’s a 7.5 kilometer route. Station: Sacré Madame, La Planche, Deschassis, Marie Curie, Saint Antoine, Puissant, Chuassée de Gilly, Rue Berteau, Madeleine, Carosse, Bruyerre, Calvaire, Rue Léopold, Chuassée de Fleurus, City Nord, Emailleries, Rue du Chemin de Fer and Faubourg de Bruxelles.

Line M4 or Gilly line

It stretches from Gilly to Charleroi. Line 4 has premetro 6 stations of wich 4 circulate underground and 2 ground level. It runs counter clockwise. The route is 4 kms long.
Stations: Samaritaine, Gazomètre, Gilly, Marabout, Sart-Culpart and Soleilmont.

Frequency of service

Standard frequency is 30 minutes in M1 and M2 lines. 15 minutes in Charleroi to Petria section. Weekends and holidays frequency is 60 minutes. M4 lines frequency is 10 minutes from monday to saturdays and 15 minutes sundays and holidays, so as M3 line.

Charlorei light metro fares and rates

Prices in the metro are the same as in the bus network. You can use the same tickets on both systems interchangeably provided that the areas for which were bought match. Zones can be found in the map below http://www.infotec.be/Portals/0/TEC%20Charleroi/PDF/Shema_Zonal_2013.pdf

In the Charleroi Metroyou can travel Charleroi using simple tickets, multipath titles and credits or passes. Next tickets are valid for zones 1 and 2. Horizon and Horizon + (these include express services) are valid for the entire network. The price also varies depending on your age and other factors such as large families, refugees, …

Next tickets let you travel zones 1 and 2 as many times as you want during 1 hour for 2.10€. A whole day for 5 euros. These rates apply when buying the ticket on the train. If you buy it in advance the prices are a little cheaper. 1.9 and 4 euros respectively. There also exist a 3-day pass for 8 euros.

With the Horizon and Horizon + fares (including express lines) you can use the entire network for 90 minutes at 3.20 and 5.30 euros respectively. There are also discounts for buying the tickets in advance.
More info http://www.infotec.be/fr-be/acheteruntitre/titresettarifs/titresunitaires.aspx.

There are Multi-trip 4,6,8 and 12 titles. Prices range between 8.8 and 12.3 euros normal rate and between 6.40 and 9.60 euros with reduced rates .

Mobib Cards

They are registered cards. They cost 5 euros and you can charge in tickets and passes.

Basic Mobib cards

They are not registered cash card. They cost 5 euros and you can charge in tickets and passes. These cards can be purchased and recharged at ESPACES TEC and l’E-SHOP.

There are free annual passes for children between 6 and 11 years. For people between 12 and 24 there are Next, Horizon and Horizon + monthly passes for 15,20,21 and 35 respectively and annually for 126, 165 and 270 euros. From 25 to 64 years Next, Horizon and Horizon + monthly passes for 37, 46.5 and 70 euros and annual passes for 312, 390 and 560. For over 65 years people there are annual Horizon + passes (for the entire network including express services) for 36 euros.

Wikipedia Charleroi Metro Map

Karte vom Parametronetzwerk Charleroi

Curious facts

All trains hav an indicator LED with the line number and the destination station.

There are no barriers or staff to control passengers entering to the subway. Some stations have automatic ticket machines to sell the tickets. Others are inside trains. Until 2012 inspector charged directly.

The trains are equipped with a safety system that in case of overspeed warns the driver and if there is no response would stop the train automatically.

Media

Métro léger de Charleroi - Linie M3 - Traversée de Gosselies 01

Airport Service

There is no direct service to the airport.

Edmonton Light Rail Transit

Edmonton is a Canadian city with a population of almost one million inhabitants including its entire metropolitan area. It was the first city in North America with this population to build its light rail system: the Edmonton LRT. The LRT is a modern system that circulates underground in the city center in a similar way as some european systems do, such as Premetro.

The Edmonton light rail (LRT) is only part of the ETS, the company that manages public transport in Edmonton, which also owns a network of metropolitan buses.

LRT is one of the fastest and safest ways to travel in Edmonton. Trains run at a maximum speed of 70 km/h. Trains are electric, making them less polluting and environmental friendlier.

Currently, Edmonton LRT can carry 10,560 passengers per hour per direction using 4 car trains, with a service every 5 minutes during rush hour. 95,000 passengers are traveling by day through its 15 stations.

LRT Edmonton Lines and Stations

Central Line

Edmonton Metro (LRT) currently comprises of one single route with 15 stations of which 6 are underground and 9 are ground level. LRT serves the city from Clareview Station in the northeast to Century Park Station in the south. 7 stations are shared with the Metro Line. The maximum speed on this line is 70 km/h. It’s 21 kms long and 4.4 kilometers are underground.
Stations: Clareview, Belvedere, Coliseum, Stadium, Churchill, Central, Bay / Enterprise Square, Corona, Grandin / Government Centre, University, Health Sciences / Jubilee, McKernan / Belgravia, South Campus / Fort Edmonton Park, Southgate and Century Park stations . These stations Churchill, Central, Bay / Enterprise Square, Corona, Grandin / Government Centre and University are underground.

Travel time from end to end on the Central Line from Clareview to South Campus is approximately 24 minutes during rush hour. Formerly known as Route 201, now in the maps is called LRT Route.

Metro Line

3 stations of the Metro Line should already be open (date JUL / 2015): MacEwan, Kingsway / Royal Alex and NAIT adding 3.3 kilometers of route to LRT network. The Metro line will be 8.8 kilometers long and will have 10 stations. The maximum speed on this line will be 70kms/h as in the Central line.
Stations: NAIT, Kingsway / Royal Alex, MacEwan, Churchill, Central, Bay / Enterprise Square, Corona, Grandin / Government, University, Health Sciences / Jubilee. 6 of wich are underground stations, shared with the Capital Line (Churchill, Central, Bay / Enterprise Square, Corona, Grandin / Government Centre, University)

LRT: Hours and schedule

Edmonton Metro operates from approx. 5:00 am to 1:00 am the next day on weekdays.
On Saturdays, the service begins at 5:00 am and runs until 1:30 am.
Sunday service begins at 5:00 am and ends at 1:00 am.

LRT: Frecuencia de servicio

  • Peak time: 5 minutes.
  • Afternoon and saturday: 10 minutes.
  • Evenings and sundays: 15 minutes.

Fares and tickets

A single ticket for adults costs $3.20 and is valid for 90-minute travel in any direction. You can also buy packs of tickets.
For example, a batch of 10 tickets for adults would cost $24.00, 20 would cost $42.00. Packs of tickets can only be purchased at the online store of ETS.
There are reduced rates for ages 6 to 17 and seniors over 65. A pack of 10 one-way trips to any of the above two groups would cost $21.

There are also passes with which you can make unlimited travels during a specific period of time. A day pass costs $9.00 and allows unlimited travel on an adult for a whole day and it also may be accompanied by up to 4 children under 12 years. A monthly pass for adults costs $89.00. A monthly pass for high school students costs $81.00. A monthly pass for young people would cost $69.00. A monthly pass for seniors $ 14.00.
An annual pass for seniors would cost $ 125.00. The same for low-income retirees is $ 54.00.

Children up to 5 years, including, can travel free.

You can buy tickets at vending machines on platforms and halls of any station, in addition to more than 200 sites scattered around the city.

Proof of Payment

In the Edmonton LRT you dont need to validate your ticket, and there are no barriers preventing access to the trains. Random proof of payment checks are performed. The fine for traveling without a ticket is $250. There are signs in the stations indicating proof of payment areas. They are blue. As proof of payment you can show: a valid LRT or integrated service in ETS ticket.

More information about fares:

http://www.edmonton.ca/ets/fares-passes.aspx

Another Edmonton LRT map

Future Edmonton LRT

Future Expansions

The capital line has an extension approved since 2008 that will add the following stations Gorman, Ellerslie,Provincial Lands, Heritage Valley and Desrochers to the network. It is anticipated that when this line is completed, Capital Line will have 20 stations in operation serving more than 100,000 passengers daily.

Future stations in Metro line: Campbell Road, 137 Street, 127 Street, Castle Downs, 145 Avenue, Griesbach, 132 Avenue, Blatchford, NAIT

Edmonton LRT expansion and development has become a priority for the municipal government, as it is predicted that the population of the city will double in the coming decades. The completion and construction of the Metro and Capital Line lines, and other routes still not approved by the government such as Valley Line, Energy line, Festival line is being encoraged.

Another 12 stations will be built in the first phase of the Valley Line, which should be open by 2020.

Edmonton Park and Ride

In many Edomonton LRT stations you can park for free. This service is called Park’n Ride. It is available in Clareview, Belvedere, Stadium and Century Park stations. In some stations there also are reserved parking spaces for the disabled.

¿What is Park and Ride?
The option to park your private transport (car or motorcycle) in areas designated for public transport to facilitate and encourage its use so that the journey from door to door would be more direct. Ie, you want to go to work but the nearest subway station is quite far from home and there is no combination available with other public transport to arrive to your destination. The last option is to move to the metro station and there take public transportation to your destination. The possibility of easy and free parking makes a big difference and encourages the use of public transport. Edmonton LRT has enabled areas with free parking spaces.

ETS is increasing the number of locations with Park and Ride. The new stations as Eaux Claires, Davies, Lewis Farms and Meadows have 200 parking spaces available to customers.

Accessibility

All LRT stations are adapted with automatic doors, ramps, lifts and escalators, accessible toilets for wheelchair, announcement of train arrivals, Kiss’ n Ride areas, free parking, parrking reserved for disabled people…

Airport service

There is no airport service.

Images

Edmonton LRT DuewagU2

Interesting links

Guadalajara Metro

Guadalajara is the second largest city in Mexico and the capital of Jalisco. As in most cities with a rapid growth, traffic congestion had no other solution than building a light rail system that runs most of its route under the surface.

The Guadalajara metro system, is a light rail known as Sistema de Tren Eléctrico Urbano that serves the entire metropolitan area of Guadalajara. The current system consists of 2 lines with 24 kms of route and 19 stations, of which 17 are underground.

The owner and operator of Guadalajara metro is SITEUR. The trains have a top speed of 70kms/h and an average speed of 35kms/h. Daily 240 thousand passengers use Guadalajara metro and nearly 90 million annually.

Lines and stations

Line 1

Line 1 was opened in 1989. It stretches from north to south between Periférico Norte and Periférico Norte terminals. Line 1 is 15.5 km long (6,6kms underground) and serves 19 stations, 7 of which are underground and 12 are at surface level. This line has 16 trains in service. The journey time is 63 minutes. Stations: Periférico Norte, Dermatológico, Atemajac, División del Norte, Ávila Camacho, Mezquitán, Refugio, Juárez, Mexicaltzingo, Washington, Santa Filomena, Unidad Deportiva, Urdaneta, 18 de Marzo, Isla Raza, Patria, España, Santuario Mártires de Cristo Rey and Periférico Sur

Metro Guadalajara map

Line 2

Line 2, which opened in 1994, runs from the center of Guadalajara to the east, from Juarez to Tetlán. It’s 8.5 kms long and serves 10 stations. This line runs all the way under the surface. The total journey time is 36 minutes. Stations: Juárez Guadalajara, Plaza Universidad, San Juan de Dios, Belisario Domínguez, Oblatos, Cristóbal de Oñate, San Andrés, San Jacinto, La Aurora, Tetlán

At peak times there are 20 trains in operation. 12 in line 1 and 8 on line 2.

Future expansions

Line 1 will add another 3 kms section to Auditorium in the north of Guadalajara.

Line 3 will be 21.5 kms long and will circulate from northwest to southeast, from Santa Fe in Tlajomulco, to Las Juntas where it will link line 1 on the Isla Raza station. The line will have elevated sections and some other underground. It’s planned to be opened in 2017. It will have 21 stations and 16.5 kms of route.

There are 2 more lines planned: line 4 (Ávila Camacho – Plaza Universidad) and Line 5 (Plaza Universidad – south).

Besides the electric light rail, Guadalajara has a system of pre-trains from Juárez station in line 2 subway to the bus terminal of Zapopan.

Frequency and hours

The Guadalajara light rail system operates from Monday to Sunday from 5:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m..

At rush hour there is a train every five minutes on Line 1 and every three minutes and a half in line 2. In standard time, there is a train every 7-9 minutes on Line 1 and every 6-7 minutes on Line 2 .

Tickets and fares

The price of a single trip are $7 pesos. You can pay in cash with the exact amount or with smart cards and tickets transvales. With tickets transvales you can get 50% discount in the fate but they are only valid for students and seniors. The transfers between Macrobus and light rail cost $ 3.50 pesos if you pay with the smart card.

Smart cards (tarjetas electrónicas)

It is a prepaid card that you can recharge up to 200 pesos with which you get discounts on the normal fare. It costs 20 pesos with a preloaded trip.

Customized smart cards (Tarjeta Electrónica Personalizada)

With this card discounts of up to 50% are obtained. There are several modalities: student, child, teacher, elderly and disabled.

Accessibility

Guadalajara metro is ready to serve people with disabilities. There are scalators for people in wheelchairs, Braille plates and guides for walking sticks, also visually impaired can access the trains and statins with their guide dogs, …

Interesting links

Guadalajara light train in Google

Brescia Metro

Brescia Metro, officially known as Metropolitana di Brescia, is the rapid transit system operating in the Brescia city in Lombardy region of Italy. Brescia is the smallest city Europe to own a metro system. With the opening of the metro, the Brescia city got a timely, convenient and affordable mode of public transport.

Currently, the system has a single line and it connects 17 stations. The track is 13.7 km long. It is operated by a fully automated driverless train control technology. Trains can run at a maximum speed of 80 km/hour, though normally the speed is 30 km/hour. Brescia Mobilità S.p.A. monitors the operation of the system. Every day, around 44,100 people travel by Brescia Metro.

Historical Background

Brescia was in serious need of a rapid transit network. Being the fourth largest city in the northwest Italy and the home to a large number of inhabitants, the city was heavily under road traffic congestion problems.

The first initiative was taken in the 1980s when fully automated metro systems started operating in various European cities. A number of feasibility studies were undertaken all of which reported in favor of an automated light rail metro system. However, the project was terminated in 1996.

In later years, funding came from central and local governments. In 2000, an international tender for the construction of the first phase of a metro system was announced. It was won by a group of companies consisted of AnsaldoBreda, Ansaldo STS, Acciona and Astaldi. In April 2003 a contract worth € 575 million was signed. Construction work started in 2004 and the system began operation on 2nd March 2013. The system was built in a very cost-effective way.

Hours of Operation

Since 2nd March 2014, the system stays open from 5 AM to midnight, weekdays or weekends. On peak hours, a train comes every 4 minutes; on off-peak hours every 8-10 minutes. The frequency changes with the onset of winter and with the beginning of the academic year.

Metro brescia

You’ll get the details of train frequency here.

Lines and Stations

Brescia Metro line is spread from Prealpino in the northern part of the city to Sant´Eufemia-Buffalora in the southeastern part. A depot is located at near the Sant´Eufemia-Buffalora station. It takes about 30 minutes to complete a full journey on the line. However, this duration changes subject to variations in train frequency. Each station is built very near to the previous station as the city authority aims to reduce the use of automobiles.

The system has a deep level tube tunnel running under the city center. 8 of system’s stations (Marconi,Ospedale, Vittoria, San Faustino, Bresciadue, Stazione FS, Volta and Lamarmora) are located inside the tunnel whereas five others (Casazza, Prealpino, Europa,Mompiano and San Polo) are just below the surface level. Two stations (Sant’Eufemia – Buffalora and Sanpolino) are elevated. The remaining two (San Polo Parco and Poliambulanza) are built at the ground level.

Being close to the main shopping street and important squares in the city center area, Vittoria is the busiest station in the whole system. The Sant’Eufemia-Buffalora terminal is within city’s industrial and commercial belt. San Faustino is located in the historic parts of the city.

At present, 18 AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro trains are put in operation. 14 of them are used regularly; 4 are kept in reserve. These vehicles are similar to those used in Copenhagen Metro. The trains are each 39 meters long, 2.65 meters wide having 3 cars. Each train has a capacity of 314 riders. With these vehicles and the set headway, currently, the metro system can carry maximum 8500 riders per hour in either direction. If needed, the authority has plans to increase the number of vehicles up to 40.

Expansion

It is only the beginning of a massive project that aims to connect the entire city and also nearby suburbs by a single subway network. The authority plans to build a 3.5 km long line between Fiera Exhibition Ground and Lamarmora Station. The line is going to cover a highly populated locality of the city. Another line is proposed between Inzino and Prealpino through the Trompia Valley region.

Fare and Ticket

The entire area of operation is divided into two zones and the fare is decided depending on the zones traveled. Brescia Municipality area constitutes zone 1. Nearby municipalities are covered under zone 2. A ticket for zone 1 costs € 1.40, for zone 1+2 is € 1.90. Aside from this ticket, passengers can also buy season tickets and passes. Tickets can be bought from the physical ticket sales points as well as using the Brescia Mobilità official app. A single ticket or pass can be used for both, metro as well as bus within Brescia Mobilità network.

Get more insight on the ticket and fare systems from here.

Facilities and Services

While using Brescia Metro, expect following services and facilities:

  • All the stations have platform screen doors. The platform floors are decorated with Pyramidal glass skylights.
  • Each train car reserves two seats for disabled persons.
  • The metro authority offers paid Park and Ride facility.
  • For passengers with strollers and wheelchairs, there are elevators in the stations. Some stations also have escalators.
  • Each train has the provision of manual operation to handle any emergency.
  • Ticket machines display instructions in 5 languages including English, German and Spanish.
  • The vehicles are more spacious than standard metro trains in order to ensure comfortable riding.

Rules

Going to ride Berscia Metro? Know the rules beforehand.

  • Passengers are not allowed to leave baggage unattended in the stations and also on the trains.
  • New passengers should get in the train only after all the current passengers get off.
  • Bikes are allowed on the trains only during the off-peak hours, weekends and holidays. Bikes should be placed at the carriages marked with bike sign.

Tips

Here are some tips to better use the Brescia Metro system.

  • Tickets have specific validity periods. Zone 1 tickets remain valid for 90 minutes and zone 1+2 tickets 100 minutes.
  • Only buying a ticket is not enough. You must validate it before every journey.